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Recognising the signs of peri-menopause

Recognising the Signs of Peri-menopause

August 23, 2023

As women approach midlife, they often find themselves sailing through a transitional phase known as peri-menopause. Peri-menopause refers to the period leading up to menopause when hormonal shifts occur and reproductive functions gradually decline. While menopause is a well-known milestone, peri-menopause can be a perplexing and lesser-understood stage. In this article, we will help you with recognising signs of peri-menopause and empower you to navigate this natural process with greater ease and understanding.

Irregular Menstrual Cycles

One of the first and most noticeable signs of peri-menopause is changes in menstrual cycles. Women may experience irregular periods, either shorter or longer than usual, with varying flow patterns. Missed periods and spotting are also common occurrences during this phase. These irregularities can lead to confusion, but they are typical indications of hormonal fluctuations.

Hot Flashes and Night Sweats

Hot flashes and night sweats are classic symptoms of peri-menopause. These sudden sensations of intense heat, often accompanied by sweating, can be uncomfortable and disruptive to daily life. Hot flashes usually last for a few minutes, and their frequency and intensity may vary from woman to woman.

Mood Swings and Emotional Changes

Hormonal changes during peri-menopause can impact your emotional well-being, leading to mood swings and emotional instability. You may experience heightened irritability, anxiety, or feelings of sadness. Understanding that these emotions are linked to hormonal fluctuations can help alleviate unnecessary concerns.

Sleep Disturbances

Many women going through peri-menopause experience sleep disturbances, including difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep. This disruption in sleep patterns can further exacerbate mood swings and lead to fatigue during the day. Engaging in relaxation techniques and maintaining a consistent sleep schedule can help alleviate these sleep issues.

Changes in Libido

Fluctuating hormone levels can affect your sex drive during peri-menopause. Some may experience a decrease in libido, while others might notice an increase. Communication with a partner and exploring new ways to maintain intimacy can foster a healthy sexual relationship during this transition.

Vaginal Dryness and Discomfort

A decline in estrogen levels can cause vaginal dryness and thinning of vaginal tissues. This may lead to discomfort during intercourse and an increased risk of vaginal infections. Seeking medical advice can help find suitable solutions and relief for this issue.

Changes in Breast Tissue

Peri-menopause can also result in changes in breast tissue. Some women may experience breast tenderness or enlargement, while others might notice a decrease in breast size. Regular breast self-exams and mammograms are essential during this period to monitor any changes and ensure breast health.


Peri-menopause is a natural phase that marks the transition to menopause. While each woman’s experience may differ, recognising the signs of peri-menopause can help you navigate this period with greater awareness and preparedness. It is essential to remember that peri-menopause is a normal and natural part of a woman’s life, and seeking support from healthcare professionals and engaging in a healthy lifestyle can make this journey smoother. Embracing this new chapter with grace and knowledge empowers women to embrace the changes with confidence and vitality.

Remember you are not alone… discuss the changes you are going through with your husband or partner, seek help and advice from a health care professional or check out some social media groups to share your experiences with.

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